Golden Poison Dart Frog
During Frogs: Nature’s Messenger, we’re excited to exhibit a rather famous species of the dart frog family, the bold and beautiful golden poison frog, also known as the golden frog, golden arrow frog or golden dart frog, a species native to the western coast of Columbia.
This frog may look tiny, but in all actuality - it’s lethally toxic and is considered the most poisonous of any living animal. Its skin is densely coated in alkaloid poison, a toxic substance that prevents nerves from transmitting impulses and thereby rendering muscles inactive. And while dosage vary, the average golden poison dart frog carries on milligram of poison, enough to kill about 10,000 mice. This equals out to between 10-20 humans; or 2 African Bull Elephants!
The golden dart frog is also the largest species of poison dart frog, known to reach a size of 5.5 centimeters, with females typically larger than males. Its aided in the climbing of plants by the presence of tiny adhesive disks on its toes and even a bone plate in its lower jaw that gives it the appearance of having teeth!
Interestingly, the golden dart frog is considered one of the most intelligent of its species.In some cases, it’s been able to recognize its human caregivers after exposure of a few weeks. And it’s an extremely successfully tongue hunter – know for using its long adhesive tongue to catch food, almost never missing a strike! This skilled tongue hunting implies stronger brainpower and eyesight resolution than some frogs.