The Cane Toad is also commonly known as the Marine or Giant Toad, and it actually one of the largest toads in all of North America – capable of reaching average lengths of 7 inches. These iconic species have a smooth, brown to reddish skin color, and they secrete a poison from their large paratoid glands behind their ears – a poison so potent that it can kill pets that attempt to eat them!
Cane Toads can be found naturally from the Amazon River Basin of South America to the Rio Grande Valley in Texas, and they are generally found near water but can also be found around houses and in gardens. They mostly feed at night- especially when it’s humid outside, and hide by day under rocks, burrows and other objects.
The call of the Cane Toad is a low-pitched rattling trill that lasts about 4-6 seconds. A larger Cane Toad will have a noticeably deeper and more resonant sound than a smaller one. Almost like an old one-cylinder engine puttering in the distance!
Invasion of the Cane Toads! Cane toads were originally introduced in warmer regions of the world to control sugar cane beetles. They adapted so well they are now considered pests, threatening the survival of native species.